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Background on integrated water resource management (IWRM) in EECCA region

National Policy Dialogues on Integrated Water Resources Management

National Policy Dialogues (NPDs) on integrated water resources management and water supply and sanitation are the main operational instrument of the European Union Water Initiative (EUWI) Component for Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA). The EUWI, including its component for EECCA, was launched at the Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002.

The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) was requested to act as strategic partner to support the policy dialogue process on integrated water resources management, whereas the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) was requested to do so for water supply and sanitation.

Policy dialogues are based on consultations with relevant ministries, agencies and institutions (including science and academia), non-governmental organizations, parliamentary bodies and other national and international organizations. The dialogue process is usually conducted under the leadership of a high-level government representative such as the Deputy Minister of Water Resources or Chairman of the State Water Committee. In the respective countries, national Steering Committees are established, which include representatives of relevant ministries, agencies and institutions and non-governmental organizations.

The main outcome of the NPDs are so-called “policy packages” such as legislative acts, strategies, ministerial orders and plans of implementation. But emphasis is also put on the implementation of already adopted policies; this is done through pilot projects or provision of technical assistance.

Since 2006, under the UNECE Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes (Water Convention) National Policy Dialogues have been carried out in four countries: Armenia, Kyrgyzstan, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine.

At the same time, policy dialogues are initiated in Azerbaijan, Georgia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.

Read more: http://www.unece.org/env/water/npd.htm

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